Arthropod- Insects, spiders, crustaceans etc. "Insect-like" creatures.
Carapace- Top part of a turtle's shell
Carrion- A dead and decaying carcass
Conifer- A tree or shrub that has needles instead of leaves and produces cones.
Coniferous- A forest that contains primarily conifer type trees such as pines, spruces and firs.
Deciduous- A type of forest that contains trees that lose their leaves in autumn and re-bud in spring. (mixed refers to a forest with both conifers and deciduous trees.
Diurnal- Active during the day
Instar- A stage in an insect's larval life; as certain insects grow they shed their exoskeleton to make room for their growing body. Examples are praying mantids, true bugs, and caterpillars.
Invertebrates- organisms without a backbone, these include spiders, crustaceans, earthworms, etc.
Keeled- Refers to small ridge on each scale of certain species of snake. It make the snakes skin feel rough.
Nocturnal- Active at night.
Paratoid Gland- The set of kidney shaped "warts" on the back of a toad. These contain toxins which are secreted when an animal bites the toad.
Plastron- The lower part of a turtle's shell.
Plumage- A bird's feathers, many change in fall and return to normal in the breeding season.
Tussock- A dense tuft of grass often in a hump shape.